Photo essay – Is tourism killing Bali?
Posted By mongabay on Dec 18, 2013 in Uncategorized
Photo essay by Jenny Denton
Its natural beauty and colorful Hindu culture have drawn visitors to Bali since the 1930s. But more than three decades of rampant development since mass tourism took hold have left the island and its people in a critical state. Bali is struggling with a severe water shortage, huge volumes of waste, a loss of agricultural land and forest, and an influx of foreign investors and workers that threaten to overwhelm the Balinese people. As local environmentalists and other commentators explain, though, visitors to Bali have a role to play in addressing the problems.
“I was born in Kuta in the ‘70s and I’ve seen things change so much – especially in Kuta, and other places in Bali – a lot of changes,” says I Gede Ari Astina (Jerinx), environmentalist and drummer for punk rock band Superman Is Dead.
“The [tourism] industry, the machine, is destroying this island. So someone has to do something.”
Professor Thomas Reuter, from Melbourne University’s Asia Institute explains that “the myth of Bali as a worldly paradise or paradise on earth began back in the ’30s and it became more broad-based in the 1960s, particularly as some of the beat generation and the ‘60s–‘70s generation discovered it was possible to travel the world on a shoestring.”
“Small hotels shot up in places like Kuta, usually family‑operated by Balinese people.”
“It was not until the ‘80s that you really got the mass tourism of people who are not just traveling around the world backpacking but are going for a two week holiday wanting to party and that sort of thing.”
“During the Suharto era tourism development became a sort of megaproject—huge hotels with enormous water usage were built, often near to very important temples, which in an Australian context you might call sacred sites.”
“Even during that time of political repression there were some protests about the displacement of rice farmers. But the developers would simply hire some thugs to break the dykes and cut off the farmers’ water supply so they would be more willing to leave.”
“Irrigation is everything in Bali. Balinese agriculture is reliant on irrigated rice traditionally.”
I Gede Ari Astina (Jerinx): “There are so many, so many issues – for example, the water crisis. We don’t have enough clean water for everyone because they just keep building hotels and malls and resorts.”
“We have enough of them already and they just keep building them.”
Thomas Reuter: “Tourists use enormous amounts of water compared to Balinese people. Most people in Bali still have a traditional bathroom, where two people can have a shower with a large bucket of water. The water usage per day of tourists is very much greater. And there are all the swimming pools and the gardens that have to be watered. Bali has now reached a point where the water supply is absolutely exhausted. There isn’t any more water to be distributed and in fact agriculture has suffered.”
From the ROLE (Rivers, Oceans, Lands & Ecology) Foundation: “Despite the high levels of regional and international investment in Bali’s tourism sector many people are not beneficiaries of rapid development, whilst at the same time they are impacted by loss of arable land, environmental degradation and development‑driven inflation on the prices of everyday basic commodities. In addition, development-linked overfishing has reduced traditional job opportunities in this sector for coastal communities.”
“Labor-related immigration into Bali has increased competition in the employment market and this particularly impacts the poor and unskilled from traditional agricultural and coastal economies. Illiterate and unskilled people have limited work opportunities and are increasingly unemployed, underemployed and underpaid.”
I Gede Ari Astina (Jerinx), again: “After the bombing the government was trying to sell everything cheap to attract people to come. And it just got to a point where everything was too cheap and too easy…”
“In the name of the economy, in the name of surviving, we’re having big sales now in Bali. We’re selling our land, we’re selling our pride, we’re selling our environment. We’re selling everything.”
Made Sana, a tour guide in Ubud: “In 10 years maybe no more rice fields.”
I Gede Ari Astina (Jerinx): “This is our island, this is our home, but very, very few Balinese own something in this island. We only work for someone or get hired by someone. Basically we are slaves in our own home. A lot of people predict the future of Bali will be that everything will be owned by non-Balinese and we’ll just work for them and this island won’t be ours anymore.”
“There’s pollution, traffic, the crime rate, the waste—plastic waste everywhere.”
Tri Wahyudi Purnomo from the Bali Fokus Foundation http://balifokus.asia/balifokus/: “In Bali, approximately 10,000 tonnes of waste is produced a day (or maybe more), around 70 per cent organic waste and 30 per cent non-organic waste.”
The ROLE Foundation again: “More than 5,000 tonnes of illegal trash is dumped every day in the rivers, the sea, the drains and the gullies. When rubbish is not dumped, it is burnt, and not only is the environment threatened but people’s health as well.”
“Liquid, air and solid waste are washing down and polluting the beaches, the reefs and the oceans.”
Tri Wahyudi Purnomo from Balifokus again: “Hotels and villas are growing year after year. With the three big projects to prepare Bali for modernisation, globalisation and liberalisation—the airport expansion, the toll road and the underpass—you can imagine how much more crowded it will get and how much more the waste problem is going to grow if it’s not properly handled. The reality is that almost all rubbish dumps are overloaded.”
From Ubud monkey forest website: “Despite the fact that many species of macaques thrive in areas that are heavily utilized by humans, there is evidence that the viability of Balinese long-tailed macaques (the ability of macaques to continue to thrive) may be dependent upon the conservation of Bali’s forested areas.”
Wayan Gendo Suardana from WALHI (Friends of the Earth Indonesia) Bali: “Bali is badly in need of at least 8 percent more forest, as the ideal quantity of forest cover is a minimum 30 percent of the total area.”
Jerinx, again: “Because the education in Bali is not as good as some other countries, it would be cool if people who come to Bali can share knowledge and share goodwill with the locals here … by volunteering or just by good example”.
The ROLE Foundation has built an ‘island sustainability centre’ on 1.5 hectares of land at Sawangan, Nusa Dua, on the Bukit Peninsula. “ROLE Foundation is a non-profit humanitarian organisation whose aim is to improve the education, wellbeing and self-reliance of people living in underprivileged circumstances, whilst ensuring environmental resilience and sustainability.
Thomas Reuter from Melbourne University: “The way people organize their holidays and most importantly where they stay and what they do does make a difference, and it’s important to be aware of that and try to spend your money where you think it might actually make a difference to the local people, because that is certainly one way to empower them.”
Jerinx: “For the long term it’s very important that tourists set a good example. If you can’t do something in your country, don’t do it in Bali. It’s very important so that everyone can see the good Bali, the beautiful Bali.”
“That should be the reason to come here, not because it’s cheap and you can do whatever you want. If that’s your reason, maybe better not come.”
Click here to see a list of Environmental and other NGOs working in Bal:
Please help me to correction my essay.
Bali is a very famous island in Indonesia. Many tourists from all over the world visit each year. It is located between Java and Lombok. It has an area of 5620 square km. It has many tourist attractions which are interesting place to visit during a vacation on this island. One of the most famous and beautiful tourist attractions in Bali is the beaches. The most famous beaches that many tourism visited in Bali is Kuta beach, Sanur beach and Tanjung Benoa beach.
First, Kuta beach is the most visited beach by tourists because the beauty of the blue sea and the scenery. It is located in south of Denpasar City, Badung regency. It has white sand and several big coral stone. Besides beauty of blue sea panorama and white sand, Kuta beach also have good wave. The sound of the sea waves is so rhythmical, makes the people who having relaxed around the beach. The waves rolls are so amaze, and it can for play surfing. In addition, Kuta beach has a breathtaking sunset with its bright orange shine above the sea level. Many tourists sitting in the edge of the beach to see the sunset, make the situation around Kuta beach become crowded. So, Kuta beach is the most beautiful beach in Bali that is many visited by tourists and has awesome scenery.
Second, Sanur beach is a beautiful white sandy beach with calm and warm seawater located in east part of Denpasar Town. There are many shells for the avid collectors. The waves are calm, and it can for swimming. The sea very crystal clear where can see the sea creatures like starfish when walking at the beach. The atmosphere was fresh air and a comfortable sea breeze blowing. The Panorama south of Sanur beach is awesome sunrise in the morning. This beach is surrounded by many art shops that sell Balinese crafts, clothes, and accessories. Nearby the beach, it has The Le Mayeur Museum is paintings collection made by Balinese painter. To sum up, Sanur beach is a very wonderful panorama beach in Bali that has atmosphere calm and warm.
Tanjung Benoa beach is a quite beautiful beach. It is located at the tip of the Nusa Dua Peninsula. Tanjung Benoa is used to trurtles for breed so many foreigners call it turtle island. The beautiful of blue sea and white sand make this place become perfect scenery. There are many small huts on the beach for shelter and basking. Besides the wave on this beach is so calm and safe for water sports activities. In the beach, there have 'Glass bottom boats' to see the beauty of sea floor from boat and jetskis for water sport activities. Therefore, the situation is a bit crowded with tourists who are playing water sport. At the seaside, there are some trees such as palm trees and coconut trees to create coolness. In short, Tanjung Benoa beach is perfect scenery which has many sport activities.
In conclusion, Bali has many beautiful beaches that has different atmosphere each beach. Kuta beach well-known as breathtaking sunset, Sanur beach famous with awesome sunrise, and Tanjung Benoa beach is famous with water sport activities. I hope for the tourists, should maintain the beauty of every beaches. Do not pollute the beauty of the blue sea water with trash. And protect rare animals such as turtles and other marine creatures.
It has many tourist attractions which are interesting to visit during a vacation on this island. One of the most famous and beautiful tourist attractions in Bali are the beaches. The most famous beaches that many tourist visited in Bali is Kuta beach, Sanur beach and Tanjung Benoa beach.
It has white sand and several big coral sones. Besides the beauty of blue sea panorama and white sand, Kuta beach also has good wave. The sound of the sea waves is so rhythmical, makes the people relaxed around the beach. In addition, Kuta beach has a breathtaking sunset with its bright orange shine descending within the ocean bed beautifully. Many tourists sit on the edge of the beach to see the sunset, and this crowds the beach.
The waves are calm, and it good for swimming. The sea is very crystal clear whereyou can see the sea creatures like starfish when walking at on the beach. The Panorama south of Sanur beach has awesome sunrise in the morning.
Nearby the beach, it has The Le Mayeur Museum where there are collection of paintings made by Balinese painters. To sum up, Sanur beach is a very wonderful panorama beach in Bali that has calm and warm feel.
Tanjung Benoa is used by turtles for breedING, so many foreigners call it "THE turtle island". The beautiful of blue sea and white sand MAKES this place become perfect scenery. There are many small huts on the beach for shelter and basking. Besides the wave on this beach is so calm and IT IS safe for water sports activities. In the beach, there ARE 'Glass bottom boats' to see the beauty of sea floor from boat and jetskis for water sport activities.
Very well written and your conclusion was very sweet! I have made the desired corrections, rest is very good!! :)
Your essay is very captivating and depicts the island of Bali correctly. Whether you want the essay to be expository or descriptive depends on how much personal opinion you add into your writing. Reading the essay now, it tends to be more descriptive since you have added your personal views to your descriptions. Hope it helps. Cheers :)
Firstly thank you for taking time on my essay.
Here I want to add some more corrections here..
...First, Kuta beach is the most visited beach by tourists because of the beauty of the blue sea and the scenery...
The waves are amazingly good for surfing too. ....
So, Kuta beach is the most beautiful beach in Bali visited by tourists and has awesome scenery....
... The atmosphere surrounded the beach has a fresh air and a soothing sea breeze blowingaround the ears. .
....The beauty of blue sea and white sand makes this place a perfect scenery....
Besides thisthe waves on this beach are calm and safe for water sports activities... Therefore, the place is a bit crowded with tourists who are playing water sport....
In conclusion, Bali has many beautiful beaches with different atmospherein each beach. Kuta beach well-known as breathtaking sunset, Sanur beach famous with awesome sunrise, and Tanjung Benoa beach is famous with water sport activities. I hope the tourists, should maintain the beauty of these beaches. Do not pollute the beauty of the blue sea water with trash. And protectthe rare animals such as turtles and other marine creatures..
Good luck :) It was good to know so much about the beaches of Indonesia .
Sharah, you did very well in developing the draft of your descriptive essay. I can sense your experience while you were at Bali Island as your personal experiences jump off the page. This isn't really an expository essay because you are speaking from your experience. Therefore, it is a descriptive essay. That sad, it seems that the essay went on longer than it should. While the others have already shown you some corrections to the grammar problems in your essay, I would like to show you how to not only correct your grammar, but also shorten the essay so that it becomes even more interesting to read. I'll show you my idea about how to that below:
Bali is a very famous BEACH island TOURIST ATTRACTION in Indonesia. LOCATED BETWEEN JAVA AND LOMBOK, IT HAS A LAND COVERAGE OF5260 SQUARE METERS COMPOSED OF THE THREE MOST POPULAR BEACHES IN THE COUTNRY; KUTA BEACH, SANUR BEACH, AND TANJUNG BENOA.
Kuta beach IS KNOWN TO THE TOURISTS BECAUSE OF ITS BEAUTIFUL blue sea and scenery. Located south of Denpasar City, Badung regency. THE WHITE SAND BEACH IS ALSO KNOWN FOR ITS CORAL STONES AND EXCELLENT SURFING WAVES. A MAJOR TOURIST ATTRACTION IS THE BEACH VIEW OF THE SETTING SUN WHICH HAS A BRIGHT ORANGE COLOR, MAKING KUTA THE MOST POPULAR BEACH IN BALI.
, Sanur beach IS BEST KNOWN FOR ITS calm and warm seawater, WHICH MAKES IT PERFECT FOR SWIMMING. Located in THE eastERN part of Denpasar THE BEACH IS THE PERFECT PLACE FOR SEASHELL COMBERS. . The atmosphere OFFERS fresh air and a comfortable sea breeze . The Panorama south of Sanur beach OFFERS AN awesome sunrise VIEW in the morning. This beach is surrounded by many art shops that sell Balinese crafts, clothes, and accessories. Near the beach, IS The Le Mayeur Museum is THE HOUSES paintings made by Balinese painterS. To sum up, Sanur beach is a very wonderful panorama beach in Bali that has atmosphere calm and warm.
Tanjung Benoa beach is located at the tip of the Nusa Dua Peninsula. Tanjung Benoa is BETTER KNOWN TO TOURISTS AS TURTLE ISLAND BECAUSE TURTLES GO THERE TO LAY THEIR EGGS. The beautiful of blue sea and white sand make this place perfect . THE waveS on this beach ARE so calm THAT MAKES IT VERY safe for water sports activities. ONE OF THESE POPULAR TOURIST ACTIVITIES IS THE "GLASS BOTTOM BOAT" THAT ALLOWS THE TOURIST TO SEE THE BEAUTY OF THE SEA UNDER THEIR FEET.
In conclusion, Bali has many beautiful beaches WITH A different atmosphere FOR each beach. Kuta beach IS well-known FOR ITS breathtaking sunset, Sanur beach WAKES THE TOURISTS WITH AN awesome sunrise, and Tanjung Benoa beach is famous FOR water sport activities. I hope the tourists maintain the beauty of every beach . Do not pollute the beauty of the blue sea water with trash and protect rare animals such as turtles and other marine creatures.
has many attaraction tourism places to visit ...
The famous beaches that many tourism visit in Bali are Kuta beach, Sanur ...