Delinquent Lesson 25 Homework

1. Garascia J.A. The price we are willing to pay for punitive justice in the juvenile justice system: Mentally ill delinquents and their disproportionate share of the burden. Indiana Law J. 2005;80:489–515.

2. Fried C., Reppucci D. Criminal decision making: The development of adolescent judgment, criminal responsibility and culpability. Law Hum. Behav. 2001;25:45–61. doi: 10.1023/A:1005639909226.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

3. Jenson J., Potter C., Howard M. American juvenile justice: Recent trends and issues in youth offending. Soc. Policy Admin. 2001;35:48–68. doi: 10.1111/1467-9515.00219.[Cross Ref]

4. Fritsch E.J., Caeti T.J., Hemmens C. Spare the needle but not the punishment: The incarcerated of waived youth in Texas prisons. Crime Delinquency. 1996;25:593–609. doi: 10.1177/0011128796042004006.[Cross Ref]

5. Cocozza J., Skowyra K. Youth with mental health disorders: Issues and emerging responses. Off. Juv. Justice Delinquency Prev. J. 2000;7:3–13.

6. Wald J., Losen D. Defining and redirecting a school-to-prison pipeline. New Dir. Youth Dev. 2003;2003:9–15. doi: 10.1002/yd.51.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

7. Harms P. Detention in delinquency cases, 1989–1998. Off. Juv. Justice Delinquency Prev. J. Fact. Sheet. 2002;1:1–2.

8. Hockenberry S., Puzzanchera C. Juvenile Court Statistics 2013. National Center for Juvenile Justice; Pittsburgh, PA, USA: 2015.

9. Greenwood P. Prevention and intervention programs for juvenile offenders. Future Child. 2008;18:185–210. doi: 10.1353/foc.0.0018.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

10. Stoddard-Dare P., Mallett C., Boitel C. Association between mental health disorders and juveniles’ detention for a personal crime. Child. Adolesc. Ment. Health. 2011;16:208–213. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-3588.2011.00599.x.[Cross Ref]

11. Grisso T. Adolescent offenders with mental disorders. Future Child. 2008;18:143–164. doi: 10.1353/foc.0.0016.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

12. Holman B., Ziedenberg J. In: The Dangers of Detention: The Impact of Incarcerating Youth in Detention and Other Secure Congregate Facilities. Annie E., editor. Casey Foundation; Baltimore, MD, USA: 2006.

13. Petrosino A., Guckenburg S., Turpin-Petrosino C. Formal Systems Processing of Juveniles: Effects on Delinquency. Volume 6 The Campbell Collaboration; London, UK: 2010. Crime and Justice.

14. Torres C., Ooyen M. Briefing Paper. 1st ed. Committee on Youth Services; New York, NY, USA: 2002.

15. Mulvey E., Schubert C., Piquero A. Pathways to Desistance: Final Technical Report. MacArthur Foundation 2010. [(accessed on 28 December 2015)]; Available online:

16. Teplin L.A., Abram K.M., McClelland G.M., Dulcan M.K., Mericle A.A. Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry. 2002;59:1133–1143. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.59.12.1133.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

17. Trupin E., Boesky L. Working Together for Change: Co-Occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders Among Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System: Cross Training, Juvenile Justice, Mental Health, Substance Abuse. The National GAINS Center; Delmar, NY, USA: 1999.

18. United States Department of Justice . Department of Justice Activities under the Civil. Rights Institutionalized Persons Act: Fiscal Year 2010. CRIPA; Washington, DC, USA: 2011.

19. Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice . Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice Annual Report 2006. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Washington, DC, USA: 2006.

20. Grisso T., Barnum R. Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, Second Version: User Manual and Technical Report. University of Massachusetts Medical School; Worcester, MA, USA: 2000.

21. Grande T., Hallman J., Caldwell K., Underwood L. Using the BASC-2 to Assess Mental Health Needs of Incarcerated Juveniles: Implications for Treatment and Release. Corrections Today; Alexandria, VA, USA: 2011. pp. 100–102.

22. Gottsman D., Schwarz S. Juvenile Justice in the U.S.: Facts for Policymakers. National Center for Children in Poverty; New York, NY, USA: 2011.

23. Teplin L., Abram K., Washburn J., Welty L., Hershfield J., Dulcan M. The Northwestern Juvenile Project: Overview. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Washington, DC, USA: 2013.

24. Gilbert A., Grande T., Hallman J., Underwood L. Screening incarcerated juveniles using the MAYSI-2. J. Correct. Health Care. 2014;21:35–44. doi: 10.1177/1078345814557788.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

25. Timmons-Mitchell J., Brown C., Schulz S., Webster S., Underwood L., Semple W. Comparing the mental health needs of female and male incarcerated juvenile delinquents. Behav. Sci. Law. 1997;15:195–202. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0798(199721)15:2<195::AID-BSL269>3.0.CO;2-8.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

26. Wasserman G.A., McReynolds L.S., Lucas C.P., Fisher P., Santos L. The voice DISC-IV with incarcerated male youths: Prevalence of disorder. J. Am. Acad. Child. Adolesc. Psychiatry. 2002;41:314–321. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200203000-00011.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

27. Colins L., Vermeiren R., Vreughenhil C., VandenBrink W., Doreleijers T., Broekaert E. Psychiatric disorders in detained male adolescents: A systematic literature review. Can. J. Psychiatry. 2010;55:255–263.[PubMed]

28. Huizinga D., Loeber R., Thornberry T., Cothern L. Co-Occurrence of Delinquency and Other Problem Behaviors. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Washington, DC, USA: 2000.

29. Skowyra K., Cocozza J. A Blueprint for Change: Improving The System Response to Youth with Mental Health Needs Involved with the Juvenile Justice System. National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice; Delmar, NY, USA: 2007.

30. Teplin L., Abram K., McClelland G., Mericle A., Dulcan M., Washburn D. Psychiatric Disorders of Youth in Detention. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Washington, DC, USA: 2006.

31. Atkins L., Pumariega A., Rogers K., Montgomery L., Nybro C., Jeffers G., Sease F. Mental health and incarcerated youth—I: Prevalence and nature of psychopathology. J. Child. Fam. Stud. 1999;8:193–204. doi: 10.1023/A:1022040018365.[Cross Ref]

32. Connor D. Aggression and Antisocial Behavior in Children and Adolescents. Guilford Press; New York, NY, USA: 2002.

33. Novaco R. In: Anger as a Risk Factor for Violence among the Mentally Disordered. Monahan J., Steadman H., editors. University of Chicago Press; Chicago, IL, USA: 1994. pp. 21–59.

34. Mallet C. Juvenile court probation-supervised youth: At-risk in Cuyahoga county, Ohio. Correct. Compend. 2006;31:1–33.

35. Weiss B., Garber J. Developmental differences in the phenomenology of depression. Dev. Psychopathol. 2003;15:403–430. doi: 10.1017/S0954579403000221.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

36. Goldstein N., Olubadewo O., Redding R., Lexcen F. Mental Health Disorders. In: Heilbrun K., Goldstein N., Redding R., editors. Juvenile Delinquency: Prevention, Assessment, and Intervention. Oxford University Press; Oxford, UK: 2005.

37. Abram K., Teplin L., Charles D., Longworth S., McClelland G., Dulcan M. Posttraumatic stress disorder and trauma in youth in juvenile detention. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry J. 2004;61:403–410. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.61.4.403.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

38. Heilbrun K., Lee R., Cottle C. Risk Factors and Intervention Outcomes: Meta-Analyses of Juvenile Offending. In: Heilbrun K., Goldstein N., Redding R., editors. Juvenile Delinquency: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment. Oxford University Press; Oxford, UK: 2005.

39. Biederman J., Spencer T. Depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence: A clinical perspective. J. Child. Adolesc. Psychopharmacol. 1999;9:233–237. doi: 10.1089/cap.1999.9.233.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

  • generate

    produce, as energy

    Dad said this would generate a little heat but he didn’t have to tell us this, it seemed like the cold automatically made us want to get together and huddle-up.

  • delinquent

    a young offender

    Byron had just turned thirteen so he was officially a teenage juvenile delinquent and didn’t think it was “cool” to touch anybody or let anyone touch him, even if it meant he froze to death.

  • forecast

    predict in advance

    Then the guy on TV said, “Here’s a little something we can use to brighten our spirits and give us some hope for the future: The temperature in Atlanta, Georgia, is forecast to reach...” Dad coughed real loud and jumped off the couch to turn the TV off but we all heard the weatherman say, "...the mid-seventies!”

  • respectable

    characterized by conventionally acceptable morals

    And he was a respectable boy too, he wasn’t a clown at all.

  • encourage

    spur on

    Laughing only encouraged Dad to cut up more, so when he saw the whole family thinking he was funny he really started putting on a show.

  • propose

    ask (someone) to marry you

    “Yup, Hambone Henderson proposed to your mother around the same time I did."

  • interrupt

    interfere in someone else's activity

    “Oh yeah,” Dad interrupted, “they’re a laugh a minute down there."

  • pout

    be in a huff and display one's displeasure

    I could tell by the way he was pouting that Byron was going to try and get out of doing his share of the work.

  • flunk

    fail to get a passing grade

    Byron caught his breath and said, “Aww, man, you flunked!"

  • ignore

    refuse to acknowledge

    I kept on chopping ice off the back window and ignored By’s mumbling voice.

  • hilarious

    marked by boisterous merriment or convulsive laughter

    Dad thought that was hilarious and put his head back on his arms.

  • relative

    a person connected by blood or marriage

    Having the school’s god as my relative helped in some other ways too.

  • hostile

    characterized by enmity or ill will

    "I’ve often told you that as Negroes the world is many times a hostile place for us.”

  • aware

    having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

    I want you to carefully note how advanced this second-grade student is, and I particularly want you to be aware of the effect his skills have upon you.

  • recognize

    be fully aware of

    I guess I was too nervous about Mr. Alums to have recognized the voice before, but as soon as I walked into the room I froze.

  • incapable

    lacking ability

    And Byron Watson, if you are incapable of taking some of the fire out of your eyes I assure you I will find a way to assist you.

  • emulate

    strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

    “If, instead of trying to intimidate your young brother, you would emulate him and use that mind of yours, perhaps you’d find things much easier."

  • compare

    examine and note the similarities or differences of

    I still got called Egghead or Poindexter or Professor some of the time but that wasn’t bad compared to what could have happened.

  • punctual

    acting or arriving exactly at the time appointed

    Every other time someone was late he’d just laugh at them and tell the rest of us, “This is the only way you little punks is gonna learn to be punctual."

  • bother

    disturb, especially by minor irritations

    Then he had to add, “Y’all just sit next to Poindexter, he don’t bother no one.”

  • jabber

    talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner

    This guy was real desperate for a friend because even though I wouldn’t say much back to him he kept jabbering away at me all through class.

  • satisfied

    filled with contentment

    But LJ wasn’t satisfied with doing one or two, I guess he wanted a raise, so one day he said to me, “You know, we should stop having these little fights all the time."

  • grave

    a place for the burial of a corpse

    Maybe it was because we had such a great war going on and I was kind of nervous about who’d win, but this stupid stuff made sense, so instead of digging each one of the couple hundred dead dinosaurs a grave we dug one giant hole and buried all the radioactive ones in it, then we put a big rock on top so no radioactivity could leak out.

  • excuse

    a defense of some offensive behavior

    But I was just making excuses to myself for being so stupid.

  • appreciate

    recognize with gratitude; be grateful for

    I guess I should have told Momma that I really appreciated her helping me get my friend back but I didn’t have to.


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